Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Founded 2009. Non-profit British civil liberties and privacy campaigning organisation. Set up to campaign against state surveillance and threats to civil liberties, it campaigns on issues including: the rise of the surveillance state, police use of technology, freedom and privacy online, use of intrusive communications interception powers including the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, and wider data-protection issues. Gave evidence to Inquiry that it believed Data Protection Act was weak and that Information Commissioners Office had no “real enforcement powers”. Claimed its research in 2012 highlighted more than 900 police officers and police staff misusing personal data.
Founded 1979. Campaign group based in London focussed on bringing about a more “diverse democratic and accountable media”. The CPBF followed and reported on the Leveson Inquiry claiming the common goal of reforming the press as a fair and honest information outlet and seeking the opportunity for change.
Non-profit organisation, website and magazine, founded by Michael Scammell, which tackles issues of censorship and reduced rights to free speech. Publishes works from censored writers around the world and tweeted on the Inquiry throughout. Index said it thought regulation a slippery slope but would welcome better self-regulation.
Now known as the Press Council of Ireland and responsible for the oversight of professional principles embodied in a Code of Practice, and with upholding the freedom of the press. Press Ombudsman John Horgan told the Inquiry that the independence of the body from both industry and state was vital. Every major newspaper in Ireland had been the subject of critical adverse findings, he said.
PEN is a global literary network, and English PEN the founding centre. It works to defend and promote freedom of expression, to remove barriers to literature, and to defend writers and readers when freedom of expression is at risk. Director Jonathan Heawood gave evidence on the public-interest law relating to the press.