Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Born 1961, died 2014. British trade-union leader who served as General Secretary of the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) from 2002 until his death. Member of the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and self-described "communist/socialist". Crow gave evidence that he was under constant surveillance by the press, suffering considerable intrusion into his public and private life. He gave the Inquiry examples of intrusion which he believed relied on illicit surveillance and/or phone hacking.
Professional investigator and Head of Secretariat at the Association of British Investigators, Imossi told the Inquiry of journalists and others posing as "licensed investigators". He gave details of one who had given false evidence to the Inquiry to that effect.
Press and public affairs specialist and former Head of Press and Public Affairs for the Association of Police Authorities at the time of the Inquiry. His responsibility was, among other tasks, to author all written statements and to manage APA's presence on Twitter.
Private investigator and Director of Operations at Insight Investigations, overseeing the day to day work of more than 20 investigators operating throughout the UK, Europe and around the world for Insight clients. Also gave evidence on the workings of the World Association of Private Investigators.
Trade unionist and journalist, General Secretary of the National Union of Journalists at the time of the Inquiry. Stanistreet previously worked at the Sunday Express for 10 years. Told the Inquiry that every member of the NUJ was obliged to work according to principles set out within the NUJ Code of Conduct. Central to the Code was the clause stating that "A journalist shall obtain information, photographs, illustrations only by straightforward means. The use of other means can be justified only by over-riding considerations of the public interest."
Former journalist and founder in 1990 of the British Association of Journalists, a group which had broken away from the National Union of Journalists following a bitter dispute within the NUJ over negotiations about mergers with print unions. At the time of giving evidence, the BAJ was the recognised union for journalists working within MGN Ltd and claimed around 1,150 members. Turner gave evidence of the deep-seated culture of bullying and corporate greed that existed in the national press. He requested Lord Justice Leveson to enable journalists to give evidence to the Inquiry secretly and be guaranteed anonymity. Steve Turner died in May 2016.
The elected president of the International Federation of Journalists at the time of the Inquiry and also an Executive member of the National Union of Journalists. Gave evidence of a variety of Media Accountability Systems that operated around the world including those underpinned by legislation and those that are entirely voluntary.
Irish Secretary of the National Union of Journalists with overall responsibility for the day-to-day running of union activities, organisation and financial affairs in Ireland North and South at the time of giving evidence. He was also a member of the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) Executive Council and of the Press Council of Ireland's finance and administrative committee. Offered the Inquiry a brief history of recent legal debates on the press in Ireland including proposals for a draconian privacy bill. Told the Inquiry that the UK obsession with editors was not mirrored in Ireland.
Full-time industrial officer of the Public and Commercial Services Union (PCS), with responsibility for members in the Metropolitan Police Service. Prior to this, he was a lay official of PCS and one of its predecessor unions for more than 18 years.
The national trade-union body representing around 50 affiliated trade unions in England and Wales, with a total of about 5.6 million members. Submitted evidence to the Inquiry on a variety of issues including its belief that the question of ownership of the press was crucial to the democratic process and that new rules were needed limiting the powers of individual owners. Argued that any system of regulation had to be consistent with the need to preserve the freedom of the press.
Founded 1998, now the sixth largest trade union in the United Kingdom. Most PCS members work in UK government departments and other public bodies, although some work for private companies. Andrew Thomas, PCS full-time officer with responsibility for the police, gave evidence on the guidance offered to members about interacting with the media.
UK trade union formed in 2001, representing engineers, managers, scientists and members in the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS). Mike Sparham, full-time officer representing Metropolitan Police Service members at that time, told the Inquiry that Prospect did not have a view on the ACPO guidelines relating to media matters. Most members had no direct contact with the media so would be unaware of the guidelines, he said.
The National Union of Journalists (NUJ) is a trade union for journalists in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Founded in 1907, the NUJ is one of the biggest journalists' unions in the world. It is a member of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ).