Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Chairman of Press Complaints Commission from 2003 to 2009. During a long diplomatic career preceding this role he was, notably, press secretary to then Foreign Secretary Geoffrey Howe (1984-1988), government spokesman and press secretary to then Prime Minister John Major (1994-1996) and British Ambassador to the United States (1997-2003). At the Inquiry, he stated his belief that "any state regulation of the press was, in principle, offensive" and a "slippery slope" that could lead to authoritarian governments eroding freedom of expression. He defended the record of the PCC under his chairmanship, including a 2007 report into phone hacking which found there was "no evidence" of widespread voicemail interception beyond Clive Goodman, the News of The World reporter jailed for this activity at the time.