Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Fiona Fox gave evidence on behalf of the Science Media Centre, an organisation formed in 2000 after the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology's third report on "Science and Society" was published. The SMC offered examples of extremely bad science reporting (for example, the reporting of the birth of the first clone and the supposed "dangers" of MMR vaccines), and also for the need for promotion of more expert information when science becomes headline news. The SMC offered recommendations to the Leveson Inquiry including drawing up guidelines which could be adopted by the Press Complaints Commission.