Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
The Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is the UK Government department responsible for aspects of the media throughout the UK, including broadcasting and internet. Jonathan Stephens, Permanent Secretary at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence on how the DCMS operated, the role of special advisers and how this worked at the time of the bid by News Corporation to increase its holdings in BskyB, responsibility for which had been unexpectedly transferred to the DCMS. Stephens spoke of his regret that one special adviser, Adam Smith, had to resign when it emerged he had had extensive communications with a News Corporation lobbyist while the deal was under discussion.