Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
General Counsel and Company Secretary at Everything Everywhere (EE) at time of the Inquiry and responsible for legal, regulatory and compliance matters within the company. Both T-Mobile and Orange are owned by EE. Gave evidence on historic requests and responses concerning hacking and accessing messages of phones.
Media analyst and founder of Enders Analysis, providing independent research on the media, entertainment, mobile and fixed telecommunications industries in Europe. Invited by Lord Leveson to comment on media plurality.
Head of fraud and security at Telefónica 02 phone company. Gorham answered the Inquiry’s questions on how mobile-phone voicemails could be accessed remotely and the security arrangements in place in 2005 and 2006 when a series of phone-hacking scandals emerged.
Group Director and board member at Ofcom at the time of giving evidence. Submitted an Ofcom study on the importance of media plurality, recommending that Government consider how to strike the right balance between promoting plurality and encouraging economically sustainable news-media organisations. Argued that judging a newspaper by circulation was not an accurate measure of its impact on society. Ofcom is an independent body which regulates the UK's broadcasting, telecommunications and wireless communications sectors and sets and enforces rules on fair competition between companies in these industries.
Legal consultant at Yahoo! at the time of the Inquiry, where his work involved a wide range of issues, such as audience, content, product compliance and litigation. Giving evidence on behalf of the web services provider, he described how its search engine worked and the processes of removing material with or without a court order.
Managing Director of BT Security at the Inquiry. Gave evidence on two kinds of "social engineering": calls to BT Customer Contact Centres purporting to be from account holders in order to obtain personal information; and fraudulent calls to BT employees purporting to be from fellow BT employees, where the intention was to obtain confidential information. He also gave evidence on data protection.
Lawyer specialising in competition law in the UK broadcasting and telecommunications sector. Gave evidence of working for three UK companies who believed themselves negatively impacted by the power of BSkyB. Lord suggested that attempts to have the issues investigated were frustrated by a real or perceived threat that newspapers controlled by News Corporation could harm the individuals or businesses seeking intervention.
Business specialist in media and telecommunications. Meek held board-level roles at Ofcom from 2003 to 2007 as senior partner for content and competition. Meek founded Communications Chambers, a group of senior communications-industry professionals, providing public policy and strategic advice to the industry. Gave evidence on the role of Ofcom in the light of new media technologies.
Formed in 2003. The Office of Communications, known as Ofcom, is the UK government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the broadcasting, telecommunications and postal industries of the United Kingdom. At the request of Lord Leveson, Ofcom submitted a lengthy document outlining its views on how the press could be regulated in a way that preserves their independence and the rights of free expression.
Subscription service providing independent and impartial research in the media, entertainment, mobile- and fixed-telecommunications industries in Europe. Founder and analyst Claire Enders was asked to give the Inquiry her views on media plurality.
Telecommunications services provider in UK, purchased by the Spanish multinational Telefónica in 2006, with headquarters based in Slough. With 25 million subscribers (as of December 2017), it is the second largest mobile network operator in the UK.
Twitter UK is the wholly owned subsidiary of Twitter International Company, an affiliate company of Twitter, Inc. Twitter UK provides marketing and sales support services to Twitter International in connection with sales of advertising to customers in the UK. In a voluntary statement, it made clear that Twitter UK had no control over the Twitter service. At the time of giving evidence, Twitter had not blocked content to users in the UK which people in other countries could see. Twitter would consider whether such an action was necessary on a case-by-case basis.
British multinational telecommunications company, with headquarters in London. Told the Inquiry of being approached by the Metropolitan Police Service in 2006 and informed that unauthorised individuals had gained access to the voicemail boxes of its customers. Gave evidence on the security measures that had been taken to improve security since.