Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Researcher and senior lecturer in philosophy at Stirling University since 2002. Offered evidence to the Inquiry on the nature of ethical journalism and the "public interest".
Director of the Goldsmiths Leverhulme Media Research Centre and Professor of Communications at Goldsmiths, University of London. While at Goldsmiths, Curran held a number of visiting appointments including McClatchy Professor (Stanford), Annenberg Professor (UPenn), Bonnier Professor (Stockholm University) and NRC Professor (Oslo University). Told the Inquiry that he believed that a relationship had developed between the British press and politicians that was bad for journalism and bad for government. This had been characterised by periods of hostility punctuated by periods of close alliance as in the late 1930s and the mid-Thatcher era.
Author and policy analyst working with the Reuters Institute at the time of the Inquiry. Her 2012 report, Regulating the Press: A Comparative Study of International Press Councils, was commended by Lord Justice Leveson as "a monumental piece of work" and is extensively cited in his Inquiry Report.
Professor of Law and Innovation at Queen's University Belfast since 2017. Previously, Associate Dean of Research and Innovation in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, and Reader in Law, at Newcastle University. Submitted academic work including on statutory controls of media content.
Senior lecturer in philosophy in the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University. Submitted research studies to the Inquiry on the ethics of communication and knowledge.
Lecturer within the Department of Criminology at the University of Leicester. A criminal-justice researcher since 1993, Mawby offered the Inquiry evidence from his research on police-media relations.
Welsh academic specialising in political philosophy and, at time of Inquiry, Professor Emerita of Political Philosophy at the University of York. Vice-President (Social Sciences) of the British Academy (2008 to 2012), Mendus covered the philosophical area of conflicts between freedom and the public interest.
Director of the Centre for the Study of Media, Communication and Power, and a Senior Research Fellow in the Policy Institute at King's College London. Founding director of the Media Standards Trust (2006-2015). Submitted academic studies to the Inquiry on the growing threats to press standards and the failures of self-regulation.
A full-time academic and freelance journalist, Petley has campaigned for a free press that maintains openness and public accountability. Professor of Journalism at Brunel University London at time of submitting evidence and a member of the editorial board of the British Journalism Review and the advisory board of Index on Censorship. Also a member of the National Council of the Campaign for Press and Broadcasting Freedom and supporter of Hacked Off. He argued for a media free from restrictions which hinder the performance of proper social functions, and also for a media that lives up to standards of openness and public accountability.
Professor of Journalism in the Department of Media and Communications, Goldsmiths, University of London. Formerly a journalist working for national newspapers, magazines, TV and radio and co-author of Changing Journalism (2011). Offered evidence on the teaching of ethical journalism.
Academic expert in media and communications regulation, submitted evidence to the Inquiry on journalism and self-regulation. Has provided formal and informal policy advice and been frequently called to give evidence to parliamentary committees.
One of two vice chairmen of the British Press Photographers Association and a news and features photographer with more than 20 years' experience in the industry. Turner told the Inquiry that the evidence given to the Inquiry on photographers so far had not acknowledged the diversity of press photography, using phrases such as "paparazzi" too readily when the overwhelming majority of photographers behaved legally and ethically.
Dr John Abraham of the University of St Thomas, Minneapolis, submitted a document strongly criticising inaccurate reporting of climate change, drawing specific attention to articles in the British press.
A senior lecturer in English, media and cultural studies at Wolverhampton University, Byrne submitted evidence to the Inquiry that rather than printing apologies or publishing corrections, a more effective deterrent against media breaching codes of conduct would be to suspend rights of publication for a time, thus compromising their revenue.
City University currently has 18,000+ students from more than 160 countries. Five schools located in the City: Cass Business School, School of Arts & Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences, School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering and The City Law School. Dr Chris Greer and Professor Eugene McLaughlin submitted views on “Trial by Media” and on phone-hacking to the Inquiry.
Professor of Pharmacology at University College London. Colquhoun was elected to the Royal Society in 1985 and spent most of his career researching pharmacology and the biophysics of single ion channels. His intention in giving evidence was to point to the value of blogging as an antidote to poor science journalism.
Formed 2011. Now known as The Media Reform Coalition. Set up to coordinate the most effective contribution by civil society groups, academics and media campaigners to the debate over media regulation, ownership and democracy in the light of the phone-hacking crisis.
Professor of Political Communication at Goldsmiths, University of London. In looking at the practices of journalism in relation to political issues and democratic practices, Davis told the Inquiry that he had conducted research at Westminster, Whitehall, the London Stock Exchange, across business and financial networks, among major political parties and across the trade union movement as part of his research for the Coordinating Committee for Media Reform.
Academic and former journalist, who has published research on the reporting of trauma, death, bereavement, mental health and suicide, some of which she submitted to the Inquiry.
Research Professor in Media and Politics at the University of Bedfordshire, Professor of Political Journalism at City, University of London and Emeritus Professor of Broadcast Journalism at Goldsmiths, University of London at time of giving evidence. Sought to address the question of the nature of media influence on public policy in areas such as criminal justice and immigration.