Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Director and co-owner of Ferrari Press Agency Limited, a freelance news agency based in Kent at time of Inquiry. Ferrari specialised in providing images, news and real-life features to national newspapers. Described the procedures and safeguards in place at the time.
Media Secretary of the Muslim Council of Britain until 2010. Gave evidence at the Inquiry on behalf of ENGAGE, a Muslim advocacy organisation aiming to encourage greater civic participation among British Muslims. Has written for The Times, Daily Telegraph, Guardian, Daily Express, Observer and Sun, focusing on Islam and current affairs, and been co-presenter of the weekly Politics and Media Show on the Islam Channel.
Author and policy analyst working with the Reuters Institute at the time of the Inquiry. Her 2012 report, Regulating the Press: A Comparative Study of International Press Councils, was commended by Lord Justice Leveson as "a monumental piece of work" and is extensively cited in his Inquiry Report.
Broadcaster. Joined TV Current Affairs at BBC in 2013 from ITN, where he had worked since 1997, initially as Deputy Editor of Channel 4 News, and then as Editor. Gave comprehensive evidence on the procedures, policies and staff guidelines governing ITN's provision of news to Channel 4. "Our purpose as the producers of a public-service broadcast news for Channel 4 is to deliver original journalism and analysis, and to hold those in power to account," he said.
Professor of Digital Economy at Cardiff University, Wales. His career in journalism included assignments at the Financial Times, the directorship of BBC News & Current Affairs, and editorships of The Independent and New Statesman. He was a founding board member of Ofcom. Gave the Inquiry examples of ethical issues such as defamation and contempt that would be included as part of the Journalism diploma/MA at Cardiff.
Satirist, journalist, Private Eye editor and broadcaster. Told the Inquiry that his publication was against regulation. The activities in focus at the Inquiry, such as phone hacking, contempt of court and police taking money, were all already illegal, he said. What was required was enforcement of existing laws. "The secret of investigative journalism is people ring you up and tell you things," he told the Inquiry (quoting his old friend Paul Foot).
At the time of the Inquiry, crime reporter and desk editor at The Guardian and Observer. Prior to working with The Guardian, Laville had worked for the Evening Standard and Daily Telegraph, covering major home and foreign news stories. Gave evidence concerning changing relations between Metropolitan Police and the media, from tight controls under Sir Paul Condon to a more informal relationship under Sir John Stevens. However, following the phone-hacking scandal, tensions between the media and the Met had become great, she said. Described practices maintaining contact and the importance of journalism being able to hold police to account.
British broadcaster, journalist and author. Question master of University Challenge and former presenter of Newsnight. He told the Inquiry that he found it easier not to have politicians as personal friends and described a lunch at which Piers Morgan told him how to hack a voicemail.
The presenter of Channel 4 News, Snow strongly criticised the publishers of the Daily Mail for what he saw as an agenda to undermine people in public life, giving personal testimony of a five-page article in the Mail on Sunday about his private life. The paper had admitted it was untrue but devoted only one and a half inches to the apology. Channel 4 News did not seek to influence policy, he said.
Publishing Director of The Sun, having joined the paper in 1987 as a production journalist working on the news, features and sport desks. He was appointed Publishing Director in June 2007 to oversee the production of the news and feature pages. Prior to this he worked as The Sun's Head of Sport between 2001 and 2007 and as Assistant Features Editor for eight years, between 1993 and 2001.
Bradby was Political Editor for ITV News at time of giving evidence. He had set the phone-hacking scandal in motion by informing the Royal Family that their phones may have been hacked. He became suspicious when voicemails he left with the Royal Family in 2005 (as ITV's royal correspondent) appeared in the News of the World. He gave evidence to the Inquiry asserting that as Political Editor he was responsible for making sure that what he did was ethical and conformed with the ITN Compliance Manual, the Ofcom Code and the law. He further stated that he did not use private investigators or pay sources.
Launched 2009. Registered charity aimed at inspiring and encouraging the personal development of young people through journalism, writing, literacy and improved communication skills. The CJET aims to create better public connection with the media, journalism and current affairs.
At time of giving evidence, Hatfield was Editor of "i", the newspaper's first editor. Described the origin of "i" as a shorter version of the daily Independent intended for people who wanted a quicker, digested read. As a policy, the paper had little interest in celebrity stories or stories of a private nature, Hatfield said. The news values and legal checks were the same as for The Independent. All "i" journalists were contractually obliged to work to the letter and spirit of the Press Complaints Commission's Editorial Code of Practice (PCC Code), he said.
Director of the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism (RISJ) since 2008 with particular expertise in public-service broadcasting and media regulation both within the UK and in Europe. Before joining the Institute, he was Controller of Public Policy at the BBC and before that worked as a journalist, including for BBC World Service and BBC News and Current Affairs. Submitted evidence based on two Institute studies on rights to privacy and on News International.
The Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism published three reports of relevance to the Leveson Inquiry which can be accessed here:
Correspondent for BBC2's daily news and current affairs programme Newsnight at time of giving evidence. Wallace specialised in investigations and contributed to other BBC outlets, he said. Gave the Inquiry details of BBC editorial guidelines for ensuring lawful, professional and ethical conduct of BBC journalists. The guidelines also incorporated the Ofcom Code, he said, since Ofcom regulated the BBC. In practice, his stories would be discussed with an editor and where appropriate a Programme Legal Adviser, he said.
Broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783. The Herald claims to be the longest-running national newspaper in the world, and is the eighth oldest daily paper in the world. The title was simplified from The Glasgow Herald in 1992. Edited at the time of the Inquiry by Jonathan Russell, who gave evidence on the relationship between press and police in Strathclyde and the importance of professional press officers aiding the police.
First issued 1961. Fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, published in London and edited by Ian Hislop since 1986. Hislop told the Inquiry that Private Eye was against regulation. It gave two pages a week to criticising national newspaper journalists and Hislop declared that he would therefore not expect a fair hearing from a press complaints body. The activities in focus at the Inquiry, such as phone hacking and police taking money, were already illegal, he said, adding that what was required was the enforcement of existing laws.
Sunday edition of The Telegraph, a national British daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group. See also the evidence of Patrick Hennessy, Political Editor of the Telegraph at time of Inquiry, who gave his view that self-regulation was the best form of regulation.
Tabloid newspaper published in UK and Republic of Ireland since 1964. Published by the News Group Newspapers division of News UK, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corp. The Sun on Sunday was launched in February 2012, following the closure of the News of the World, and the paper became a seven-day operation. Rebekah Brooks, John Edwards, Duncan Larcombe, Kelvin MacKenzie and Gordon Smart all gave evidence relating to The Sun.
Sunday sister paper of Daily Mirror that began life as the Sunday Pictorial and was renamed the Sunday Mirror in 1963. See also evidence of Tina Weaver, editor at time of Inquiry; Justin Penrose, crime correspondent; and reporters Nicholas Lee Owens and Sarah Jellema.