Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Founder and Chair of Support after Murder and Manslaughter (SAMM), an organisation focused on providing a befriending service to family members and close friends bereaved by murder and manslaughter. Submitted research on the impact of press coverage on families affected by such events.
Chairman of the Hillsborough Family Support Group (established in the aftermath of the Hillsborough Disaster in 1989) and mother of James Aspinall, who died in the tragedy. Told the Inquiry of a meeting with The Sun where a "deal" was offered to the Group. If they publicly accepted The Sun's apology, The Sun would investigate the "lies" and build a sports field in Liverpool. The Group was appalled, Aspinall told the Inquiry.
Founded 1991. UK-based charity set up by survivors and bereaved people from UK and overseas disasters. By 2015, members had personal experience of 29 disasters, including rail, air and maritime as well as natural disasters and terrorist attacks in the UK and overseas. The charity was founded on the principles of accountability, support and prevention. It gave evidence to the Inquiry on good and bad practice throughout the press.
EVAW offered a submission to the Inquiry in December 2011, arguing that if the Inquiry did not "address culture, practice, ethics, standards and the public interest with regards to the reporting of violence against women" it would be incomplete.
Now known as MEND - Muslim Engagement and Development. A not-for-profit company encouraging British Muslims to be more actively involved in British media and politics. The organisation gave the Inquiry instances of anti-Muslim press stories and of complaints it had put before the Press Complaints Commission.
Founded 1992. Equality Now is an international charity founded by lawyers Jessica Neuwirth, Navanethem Pillay and Reryal Gharahi. The charity acts to protect women's rights and fight against the discrimination of women and girls. Gave evidence with similar charities on recommendations for a new regime with respect to women's rights.
Founded 1946. Organisation established to promote the interests of Poles living in the UK and to promote the history and culture of Poland among British people. Submitted evidence to the Inquiry of more than 50 incidents of hate crime around the country and their subsequent reporting in the local press.
Inclusion London, commissioned by the Glasgow Media Group and the Strathclyde Centre for Disability Research, was asked to carry out a study of changes in the way the media reports disability and how those changes impacted on public attitudes towards disabled people. In carrying out the study, it compared media coverage of disability in five papers in 2010-11 with a similar period in 2004-05.
Charitable trust founded in 1981, concerned with state-related deaths in England and Wales, including deaths in custody. INQUEST offers investigations and advice to bereaved people, lawyers, support agencies, the media and parliamentarians. Its cases have included investigations of the cases of Blair Peach, Jean Charles de Menezes, Ian Tomlinson and Mark Duggan.
Now known as the Press Council of Ireland and responsible for the oversight of professional principles embodied in a Code of Practice, and with upholding the freedom of the press. Press Ombudsman John Horgan told the Inquiry that the independence of the body from both industry and state was vital. Every major newspaper in Ireland had been the subject of critical adverse findings, he said.
Formed in 2010. Grassroots campaign, run by volunteers, helping people serving mandatory life sentences for crimes committed by others. Helped support the cases of those who wanted to bring evidence of their poor treatment by the press.
Independent voluntary organisation working in the field of immigration. Set up to help individuals and families affected by British immigration and nationality law and policy. The organisation gave evidence on the negative press suffered by asylum seekers and immigrants.
Established in 2009 as a campaign to boost public support for a change in how Britain deals with lower-level offenders, Make Justice Work urges a switch from expensive and futile short prison terms to intensive and effective sanctions. Told the Inquiry that the tabloid press too often represented community solutions as "soft options".
Voluntary group set up in 1993 for "victims of media abuse", supported by concerned journalists, media lawyers and Clive Soley MP. Soley had sought to establish an independent body to defend press freedom and adjudicate on complaints against the press with his proposed bill, Freedom and Responsibility of the Press.
Now known as Migrants Organise, this is a platform where refugees and migrants work to develop leadership and open up spaces for organised participation of migrants and refugees in public life. It sought to draw the attention of the Leveson Inquiry to the practices of certain sections of the British press in reporting immigration and protection issues.
Organisation representing sufferers of rare diseases that affect the immune and central nervous systems. Gave evidence seeking to raise understanding of such diseases among the medical profession and to improve services and access to specialist care. Asked the Inquiry to take note of the poor and unsympathetic reporting of some illnesses.
Organisation established in response to high-profile cases against paediatricians at the General Medical Council, brought by those who sought to discredit professionals involved in child-abuse work and research generally. The organisation offered evidence of false accusations and expressed concern to the Inquiry about the impact on children of such cases.
The Refugee Council's submission, made in 2011, focused on the preceding decade when refugees and asylum seekers were high on the media agenda, following a sharp rise in asylum applications from the start of 2000. The Council drew the Inquiry's attention to alarmist language such as "immigrants flooding in" that started to be used in the context of the closure of Sangatte refugee camp in Calais. Negative attitudes had persisted. The Council's evidence noted that publication of PCC guidelines had improved the situation. The charity undertakes research and policy work but noted that sections of the press did not use the service.