Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Born 1957. Journalist and author and former press secretary to Tony Blair as Leader of the Opposition (1994-97) and as Prime minister (1997-2000). From 2000-2003, he was director of communications for the Labour Party (2000-03). Before 1994, he had been political editor of Today newspaper and the Daily Mirror. Campbell gave detailed testimony on the political media and what he saw as the decline of genuine investigative journalism and the increasing tendency of owners, editors and senior journalists to wish to be political players. Embellishment and pure invention were tolerated and encouraged by some editors and owners, he said.
A Core Participant in the Inquiry and the former president of the Federation Internationale de l'Automobile (1993-2009). In 2008, he won a privacy case against the News of the World after it accused him of participating in Nazi-themed orgies. He gave the Leveson Inquiry a full account of his claim against the News of the World and of that paper's continued use of snatched images and its attempt to gather false witness statements. Despite sensationalist reporting, Mosley persisted in his claim, ultimately retaining the confidence of the FIA and being awarded £60,000 for invasion of privacy.
Labour MP for Rhondda. Member of the Commons Media Select Committee, where he raised concerns about News International journalists making payments to police officers. Bryant told the Inquiry that, shortly after this, his phone was hacked by the News of the World and Bryant was reported by several papers to have used a gay dating site. In 2012, he received £30,000 damages from NI.
Founded 2010. Non-profit news organisation based in London. It was established to pursue "public interest" investigations, funded through philanthropy. The Bureau works with publishers and broadcasters to maximise the impact of its investigations. Offered Inquiry evidence on the importance of high standards in investigative journalism.
Established in 1913 by Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist. The Carnegie Trust works to seek the improvement of the well-being of the masses by investing in areas such as libraries and public spaces as well as education, social work and children’s rights. Gave evidence to the Inquiry on “the public interest” and possible ways of defining it.
Founded 1992, with focus on improving quality of policy ideas for the UK and EU. It has produced studies promoting the design, effective use and subsequent audit of impact assessments. Offered evidence to the Inquiry on the failings of the Press Complaints Commission.
Clive Hollick, a former owner of Express Newspapers and a supporter of the Labour Party, was made a life peer in 1991. He told the Inquiry that he believed self-regulation of the Press should be abandoned. The historic pattern of promising and failing to reform had been repeated too often with sometimes tragic results, he said.
Founded 1827. London-based free newspaper, published Monday to Friday. Owned by Russian businessmen Alexander Lebedev and his son Evgeny and edited from May 2017 by former Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne. It is the dominant regional evening paper for London, covering national and international news and City of London finance. Evgeny Lebedev gave evidence to the Inquiry on his perception of the importance of a free press.
Independent official body appointed by the Crown. The Commissioner's decisions are subject to the supervision of the Courts and the Information Tribunal. The Office's mission is to "uphold information rights in the public interest, promoting openness by public bodies and data privacy for individuals". Christopher Graham, Commissioner at the time of the Inquiry, said he had seen no evidence of phone hacking since 2006 and was not aware of any repetition of the breaches of data-protection laws uncovered by Operation Motorman.
WAPI offered evidence as a professional investigator body, helping members of the public, the legal profession and business and corporate clients to find credible professional investigators. Submitted documentation of its conferences and work with clients.