Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Founded 1992, with focus on improving quality of policy ideas for the UK and EU. It has produced studies promoting the design, effective use and subsequent audit of impact assessments. Offered evidence to the Inquiry on the failings of the Press Complaints Commission.
Now known as the Press Council of Ireland and responsible for the oversight of professional principles embodied in a Code of Practice, and with upholding the freedom of the press. Press Ombudsman John Horgan told the Inquiry that the independence of the body from both industry and state was vital. Every major newspaper in Ireland had been the subject of critical adverse findings, he said.
Voluntary group set up in 1993 for "victims of media abuse", supported by concerned journalists, media lawyers and Clive Soley MP. Soley had sought to establish an independent body to defend press freedom and adjudicate on complaints against the press with his proposed bill, Freedom and Responsibility of the Press.
Established in 2008 to consider complaints about newspapers (print and online), magazines and online-only news publications and to publicly promote press freedom in Ireland and the right to freedom of expression. The Chairman of the Irish Press Council outlined how an Office of Press Ombudsman might work with a Press Complaints Commission.
Formed 2003. The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) was a non-departmental public body in England and Wales responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales. It was asked to report into corruption between police officers and journalists. The report was published in 2012 and the IPCC was replaced in 2018 by the Independent Office for Police Conduct. Jane Furniss, IPCC chief executive at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence of improper disclosure of information but believed there was a misconception about the extent of corruption by the media.
Independent regulator for the print and digital media in Ireland, aiming to provide the public with a quick, fair and free method of resolving complaints in relation to member publications of the Press Council of Ireland. John Horgan, Ombudsman at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence.