Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
British journalist and editor of The Sunday Telegraph at the time of the Inquiry. He said he believed his paper was run according to high ethical standards. He was a firm believer in self-regulation but thought that a contract system as outlined by Lord Black could be a free and fair way forward.
Established in 2009 as a campaign to boost public support for a change in how Britain deals with lower-level offenders, Make Justice Work urges a switch from expensive and futile short prison terms to intensive and effective sanctions. Told the Inquiry that the tabloid press too often represented community solutions as "soft options".
John Mulholland was editor of the The Observer at the time of the Inquiry, having worked for the Guardian Media Group since 1994. He gave evidence that all staff were obliged to abide by the PCC code of conduct as well as the more rigorous GNM editorial code. Contributors were similarly expected to abide by the codes. There were strict procedures in place for any journalist wishing to go undercover or use any form of subterfuge. The Observer had, he said, used the services of a private investigator under an earlier editor.
TV critic of the Sunday Mirror for six years at time of Inquiry and for the Daily Mirror for eight years before that. He had never engaged in or asked others to engage in computer hacking, he told the Inquiry, adding that to the best of his knowledge neither had anyone at the Sunday Mirror or Daily Mirror.
CEO of the Financial Times Group. At the time of giving evidence, he had been with the FT for 25 years in both editorial and executive positions. Ethical journalism was central to the FT's strategy and success and had been for 120 years, he told the Inquiry. A founding and current principle of the newspaper was, he said, that it would report "without fear and without favour".